Pain in the testicle is the discomfort in one or both testicles. The pain may spread to the lower abdomen.
WHAT ARE THE POSSIBLE CAUSES;
The testicles are very sensitive. Even a small injury can cause pain. Abdominal pain may occur before testicle pain in some conditions.
Common causes of testicular pain include:
- Infection or inflammation of the epididymides ( epididymitis ) or testicles ( orchitis ).
- Torsion of the testis , which can interrupt the blood supply. It is most common in young men between 10 and 30 years. It is a medical emergency that must be addressed as soon as possible. If surgery is not performed within six hours, the testicle can hardly be saved.
Mild pain can be caused by:
- Cyst in the epididymis and spermatocele.
- Fluid surrounding the testicle ( hydrocele ).
- Pain testes may also be caused by a hernia or kidney stone .
- Cancer testis rarely causes pain.
When shall i seek medical attention?
Sudden, severe testicle pain needs immediate medical attention.
Call your doctor immediately or go to the emergency department if:
- Your pain is severe or sudden.
- You had an injury or trauma to the scrotum, and you still have pain or swelling after one hour.
- Your pain is accompanied by nausea or vomiting.
Also call your doctor immediately if:
- There is a mass in the testicle or scrotum.
- You have fever .
- Your scrotum is warm, sensitive to the touch, or red.
- You have come into contact with someone who has mumps .
WHAT WILL THE DOCTOR DO;
Your doctor will do a test on your groin, testicles, and abdomen .
Your doctor will ask you questions about pain, such as:
- How long have you had testicular pain? Did it start suddenly or slowly?
- When do you feel pain, is it on one or both sides?
- How intense is the pain? Is it constant or does it comes and goes?
- Did you have any injuries?
- Have you ever had an infection that is transmitted by sexual contact?
- Do you have any other symptoms such as swelling, redness, change in the color of your urine, fever, or unexpected weight loss?
WHAT TESTS ARE THERE?
- Ultrasound of the testicles.
- Urinalysis and culture.
- Other tests depending on the findings of the clinical examination.